With the overwhelming amount of violence that has occurred throughout history, many peacemakers have attempted to stop war in its tracks. One method of peacemaking that many have used has been coined ‘negative peace.’ Johan Galtung, one of the founders of Peace Studies, defines negative peace as, “the absence of violence, absence of war.” Through non-violent action and protests, many historical peacemakers have sought to foster negative peace in the U.S. To fully understand this concept, one must analyze the lives of peacemakers during the time of the conflict of interest, both directly and contextually. One of the best ways to do this is to use biographies because they allow us, as readers, a unique glimpse into the lives of various individuals and their influence on those around them. They provide contextual information to connect the individual’s life to the greater happenings of the era in which they lived. Doing this allows readers to connect all of the pieces of the “puzzle” and to fully understand the different aspects of both the issue at large and the forces involved with it, including people, social structures, and policy, among other factors

Throughout this web page, readers will find a variety of biographies of peacemakers who were active in America throughout the 20th century, some of whom were quite famous and others whom were not. Nonetheless, each individual’s life story carries a unique piece of the overall history of the conflicts that have occurred throughout the history of America. By learning about these important historical figures, one will have a greater capacity to understand the full scope of the events that have occurred. Here are just a few examples of pacifists who devoted their lives to peace